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研究表明:印度浪费的粮食等于英国的粮食消费总量 [印度网评]

五毛网 印度 2017年08月28日 来源:龙腾网


India Wastes As Much Food As United Kingdom Consumes: Study

研究表明:印度浪费的粮食等于英国的粮食消费总量An eye opening revelation had been made by United Nations Development Program (UNDP). It says “Indians waste as much food as the whole of United Kingdom consumes”. In a nation like India where millions still sleep hungry on streets, it’s not a good statistic.


All the social functions and social joints in India (specially the northern and central parts), for instance weddings, canteens, hotels, social and family functions, households, spew out so much food.


According to UNDP, up to 40 per cent of the food produced in India is bound to get wasted. About 21 million tonnes of India’s entire wheat produce are wasted and 50 per cent of all the food across the world meets the same fate. Such a situation raises a concern that food ‘never reaches the needy’ (UNDP). In fact, according to the agriculture ministry, Rs 50,000 crore worth of food produced is wasted every year in the country.


India ranks 63 among 88 countries in Global Hunger Index (GHI, UN data). Wastage of food is not only indicative of hunger, climate change or pollution, but also of many other economic glitches in the economy, such as inflation. Our culture and traditions are also playing a lead role in this drama where only government policies may not be termed responsible for any such wastage. In India, the bigger the wedding, the larger the party and the more massive the waste is expected to be.

印度在全球饥饿指数中位列88个国家的第63名。粮食浪费不仅与饥饿、气候变迁或污染相关,也与经济领域的诸多其他经济问题相关,如通货膨胀。我们的文化和传统也在这一过程中扮演了主要角色,而在其中,仅有政府政策可能无法控制此类浪费。在印度,婚礼规模越大,宴会的规模就越大,而将被浪费的粮食数量也越多。Food Wastage Records


● In a nation where millions of people do not have access to clean drinking water around 25 per cent of fresh water used to produce food is ultimately wasted. It will be shocking for many of us to know that if we calculate the figures in cubic kilo meters, this is a bit more than an average river flowing in India.


● Even though the world produces enough food to feed twice the world’s present population (a US department of agriculture estimate), food wastage is ironically behind malnourishment of the billions of people. The number of hungry people in India has increased by 65 million. A figure which is higher than population of few major powers of the world, like France.


● Acres of land are deforested to grow food. Approximately 45 per cent of India’s land is degraded primarily due to deforestation, unsustainable agricultural practices, and excessive groundwater extraction to meet the food demand. Though during last two years India has retained and somehow made it possible to increase its forest area by more than 14,000 hectares (second largest after China).


● A nation which has its third largest imports are edible oils. Around 300 million barrels of oil, which has been used to produce food is ultimately wasted, due to wastage of such food.


Way Forward


The Minister of Food Processing, Harsimarat Kaur had said, “My ministry works as a catalyst. It has the potential for doing a couple of things which are the need of the hour. Firstly, bring down food wastage. Food is being wasted at the harvest point and during transportation. If the same food which is wasted can be processed, it would mean it could either be available in raw form or in bottled form at a price which is affordable to the common man.”

食品加工部长Harsimarat Kaur曾经指出:“我的部门的工作就是充当催化剂。它有着完成当下亟需解决之事的潜力。首先,降低粮食浪费。粮食在收获期间和运输过程中遭到了浪费。如果这些被浪费的粮食能够得到处理,这将意味着它可以以粗加工或装瓶的方式以低价向普通民众提供粮食。

In the figure given above it can be observed that entire South Asia wastes 2.7 per cent of food during processing, noticeable part is that South Asian figures are majorly influenced by India’s data. This even raises a concern over the quality and process that is used in South Asian region.


Food wastage cripples a country’s economy to an extent that most of us are unaware. If food is wasted, there is so much waste of water used in agriculture, manpower and electricity lost in food processing industries and even contributes to deforestation. Taking all of into consideration, the actual worth of money per year in India from food wastage is estimated at a whopping Rs. 58,000 crore to over Rs. 96,000 crore.


Some measures that the government needs to take include containing wastage in transportation, improve storage facilities (the cold storage chain is 50 per cent less than required and that too needs to be brought up to world standards said chairman of ASSOCHAM), food processing also needs to be sped up so food is saved and wasted less to feed more.


While we may not be able to reduce food lost during production, we can certainly reduce food wastage at our personal level.



[–]svmk1987 2815 points 9 hours ago 
If anyone is wondering, this isn't the usual wastage you see in the developed countries (due to excessive consumerism). We have a lot of serious issues with storage and logistics of agricultural produce, especially because a lot of the production happens in rural undeveloped places.
Also, we have weird laws which actually discourage investment in warehousing and storage of agriculture.


[–]Americanathiest 771 points 9 hours ago 
Yea it seems like the article is implying that most of this waste is due to inefficient technology at the gathering and storage levels rather than people just throwing good food away.


[–]Pywackt 138 points 7 hours ago 
Despite all that, you don't spend a lot of money on food there. Not like Eastern Europe for instance.


[–]svmk1987 215 points 6 hours ago 
True. Food is super cheap in India, probably because the government controls the prices for a lot of the food grains. Not everything is cheap. Fruits, for example, are quite expensive, and are generally pretty out of reach of poor people's diets. Even the middle class don't eat them too regularly.


[–]thisistheslowlane 111 points 5 hours ago 
Isn't the diet completely different too? Western foods are heavily protein based. That's essentially the bulk of the cost of any meal.


India - 40% of Indians are vegetarians (9% of that 40% consume eggs).


UK/USA - Only 3% of the population are vegetarian.


[–]randomCAguy 62 points 3 hours ago 
the 40% being vegetarian is somewhat misleading. Pretty much every non-vegetarian who isn't rich still only eats meat on occassion (maybe a couple times a month if they go out to a restaurant, or at weddings, etc).


Meat is expensive in India. It's not like it's cooked at home regularly. Most people categorized as "non-vegetarians" are basically vegetarians by US standards at least.


[–]dedasdude 18 points 5 hours ago 
Meat is quite expensive here. Hence why most people even if non vegetarian cant eat meat. Its not affordable for most.. most villlagers consume rice n pulses and few veggies because thats very cheap. 


[–]Fluttershy_qtest 15 points 4 hours ago 


Beef is fairly cheap but it is also banned in a lot of states. Broiler chicken isn't too expensive if you're looking at a nutrition per gram perspective. Sadly poor people simply cannot afford to look at nutrition per gram, and all they can think of is feeling full. To this end carb is really cheap. And the Indian government generally subsidizes foodgrain and potatoes.